For the FLIR T10xx camera series lenses typically offer very low focal length ratios. The common 36mm/28°HFOV lens aperture is fixed at f1.15, while the less common 83.4mm/12°HFOV lens is fixed at f1.2.
The uncommon 21.2mm/45°HFOV lens is fixed at f1.1.
f1.2 is considered extreme in visible band photography; the limited Depth of Field at that ratio is regularly exploited and the associated imaging penalties (MTF, TCA, etc.) condoned. Such a large aperture far exceeds that required by phase detection autofocus at ~555nm, but with much less energetic LWIR such large apertures are compelled even with respectable transmissive performance of Germanium (Ge).
The T10x0 camera series microbolometers are configured with a Detector Pitch of 17µ; it is problematic to compare this parameter to full framed DSLR’s (29µ CoC) and Medium Format DSLR’s (~55µ CoC) respecting Bayer Demosaicing and other processing (AA, etc.). Even with escalated diffraction in the LWIR, it is the modest “resolution” of the microbolometer sensors (including those with FLIR’s UltraMax® functionality) that principally limits large output. 1
Low contrast palettes-including the more forensically sound Viridis palettes-offer no genuine therapy for limited DOF’s.
High contrast palattes are conventionally assigned to low contrast images or low contrast regions of images during critical assays. Even with rigorous tuning-resulting in some perceptual therapy-actual radiometries are not altered; they are simply displayed more precipitantly, and that is not without its own perils.
Graciously, FLIR does provide online camera-specific FOV calculators that include near- and far-DOF, Hyperfocal, and IFOV specs. No CoC parameter is provided. Various Snell’s Law calculators are also available online.
DOF limitations are material when collecting aerial data over uneven terrain. Defocus exerts profound influences on IMFOV.
- The Refractive Index of Germanium (4.003) is acknowledged as fascinating. ↩